House of Representatives Speaker Setya Novanto on Tuesday (18/07) denied allegations that he helped cause big losses to the state in connection with the issuance of electronic national identity cards, or e-KTP.
Setya, chairman of Indonesia’s second-biggest political party, Golkar, made the denial to reporters after a meeting with leaders of the House of Representatives.
He said he read media reports saying he was named a suspect by the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) with regard to the alleged state loss of at least 2.3 trillion rupiah ($173 million).
Late on Monday, KPK chairman Agus Rahardjo told reporters that a legislator with the initials “SN” was suspected to have abused his authority to benefit himself or others while the e-KTP project was put in place in 2011 and 2012.
The KPK always refers to suspects by their initials and never confirms their full names. After Agus’s statement, many Indonesian media named Setya as the suspect the agency is investigating.
On Tuesday, Setya told reporters he would obey the legal process, but said he was “shocked” by the allegations and denied any wrongdoing.
“Whatever I’m accused of is not true,” he said. “If they say that I received funds, I’ve never done that. The sum of that money is incredibly huge. How was it transferred, how was it received?”
The KPK has been investigating allegations that sums ranging from $5,000 to $5.5 million — money generated by marking up the costs of the e-KTP procurement — were divided up in a room in parliament.
In March, two public servants on trial for corruption linked to the e-KTP case named at least 37 people, including Setya, who they said had benefited.
The KPK’s large-scale investigation, which also implicates members of President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo’s own ruling party, the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P), shows the independence of the antigraft agency, political analysts say.
Despite repeated efforts by politicians to undermine it, the KPK has remained independent and highly popular with the Indonesian public.
It is also seen as crucial for Jokowi’s drive to battle graft in the country that ranked 90th out of 176 in Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index last year.
The decision to designate Setya, whose party is part of Jokowi’s coalition, as a suspect is “a very positive sign,” said Keith Loveard, a Jakarta-based analyst at Concord Consulting.
“This most certainly demonstrates how tough the KPK is,” Loveard said, adding that Jokowi is unlikely to get in the way of the KPK’s investigation in the e-KTP case.
“While all the parties are virtually implicated, including the PDI-P, public support for the KPK remains extremely high. So for him to attempt to slow the process or to create obstacles would be very damaging to his popularity,” Loveard added.
In late 2015, the he House Ethics Council launched a probe into allegations by a Freeport Indonesia executive that Setya had tried to extort $1.8 billion worth of shares from the local unit of the US mining company.
Setya denied the allegations but stepped down temporarily. He was reappointed as speaker a year later after he was cleared by the ethics panel.