The erosion of democracy around the world continued for the 14th consecutive year, according to an annual report from Freedom House.
Why it matters: Year after year, many of the world’s democracies become less democratic. This year’s report draws particular attention to India, where policies targeting Muslims are “threatening the democratic future of a country long seen as a potential bulwark of freedom in Asia and the world.”
Freedom in the World index, 2020
Breaking it down:
- According to the rankings (out of 100), the most free countries in the world are Finland (100), Norway (100), Sweden (100), the Netherlands (99), Luxembourg (98), Uruguay (98) and Canada (98).
- The least free are Syria (0), Turkmenistan (2), Eritrea (2), South Sudan (2) and North Korea (3).
- The U.S. (86) ranks 52nd, between Slovakia and Belize.
The big picture: “Where once democracies might have acted in unison to support positive outcomes to global crises, disparate authoritarian states now frequently step into the breach and attempt to impose their will,” the authors write.
- In addition to the U.S. and India, they raise concerns about “antidemocratic tendencies” in Israel under Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, the rise of “extreme factions” in Spanish politics, and the populist turns of central European countries like Austria, Hungary and Poland.
- Myanmar moved from “partly free” to “not free” because of deepening conflicts between the military and ethnic minorities.
- Benin also fell to “partly free” after opposition parties were excluded from parliamentary elections.
- El Salvador is now “partly free” because of violence and intimidation from criminal groups and politicization of the judiciary.
- Senegal declined to “partly free” after opposition figures were barred from the presidential election
- Indian-administered Kashmir moved to “not free” amid a lockdown there and the revocation of constitutional protections.
- Mauritania moved to “partly free” after a “credible” presidential election and peaceful transfer of power.
- Thailand moved to “partly free” after direct military rule ended, at least nominally, following elections.