The European Union is seeing increased impetus around the world to move forward with Free Trade Agreements (FTA) with the bloc, which will make the most of uncertainty over the outlook for US trade policy, the EU’s trade envoy said on Friday (10/03).
The EU was close to finishing or implementing FTAs with Japan, Vietnam and Singapore and was readying to start talks with Australia, New Zealand and Chile – all members of a US-inspired Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) devastated by Donald Trump’s decision to pull Washington out of the deal on day three of his presidency.
“Today, there is political opportunity to say that those of us who believe in open markets and good trade, we are willing to do trade agreements,” EU Trade Commissioner Cecilia Malmstrom told Reuters in an interview.
“Whether that (TPP) is dead, or partially dead, it is not for me to judge. But we have seen an increase of willingness to step up trade agreements.”
One project thrust back on the table is an FTA between the EU and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean) that was abandoned in 2009 due to disparities in wealth and standards between its 10 markets.
Malmstrom also said it should not be assumed an EU-US trade deal had collapsed, despite indications the Trump administration would pursue a protectionist agenda.
EU and US officials were negotiating for more than three years on a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) and that could be easily resumed, she said, and should not be impacted by Britain’s looming departure from the EU.
“We have left in a tidy order, when we stopped negotiating before the change of administration,” she said. “It makes a lot of sense to facilitate trade between the EU and the US.”
She added: “We need to be patient. But while waiting for more clarity from the American administration, there are lots of other partners as well.”
Malmstrom said Asean, a region with combined $2.6 trillion GDP and some of the world’s fastest-growing economies, had become integrated “in an impressive way”.
EU figures show trade between the EU and Asean region was worth $220 billion last year. The EU is its biggest source of investment, according to the EU-Asean business council.
FTAs with Vietnam and Singapore should come into force early next year, Malmstrom said, while negotiations with Indonesia and the Philippines were “at full speed” and discussions had taken place about reviving plans for an FTA with Malaysia.
Malmstrom said establishing a bloc-to-bloc trade deal would be a challenge, so an FTA with Asean might be less comprehensive that others.
“There’s still a lot of differences between the richest and poorest countries here, so there will have to be different levels and it will not be as ambitious,” she said.
One complication for EU trade talks in Southeast Asia, and tariff perks offered through its Generalized Scheme of Preferences, has been human rights, with entrenched problems in Vietnam, Myanmar, Thailand and Cambodia, among others.
Concerns were relayed to the Philippines, Malmstrom said, about alleged extrajudicial killings in the government’s bloody war on drugs and its push to reinstate the death penalty, but the EU was not ready to consider suspending GSP privileges.
“It is a bit too early to draw conclusions,” she said. “But we do not hide that yes we are concerned about some of these developments.”