The Defence Force says it is keeping a close eye on a Chinese warship heading into Australian waters allegedly to spy on scheduled war games later this month. The Auxiliary General Intelligence vessel is expected to closely monitor the United States and Australian exercises during the Talisman Sabre war games off the Queensland coast.
Decked out with advanced communications systems designed to listen in on enemy militaries, the ship was reportedly north of Papua New Guinea on Saturday night. The bilateral training activity takes place every two years and involves the “planning and conduct of mid-intensity ‘high end’ warfighting”, the Defence Force website says. “There is [an AGI ship] north of Australia at the moment,” the ABC reported the Chief of Defence Joint Operations, Lieutenant General Greg Bilton said at the Talisman Sabre launch in Brisbane.
“It is international waters, they have the right to sail there. I’m not going to go into operational details, but we’ll just take appropriate actions in regards to that vessel. It’s a vessel that collects information, so it’s not a great threat but we’ll take appropriate action.”
In a statement provided to news.com.au, the Defence Department said it was “aware that there will likely be interest from other countries in exercise Talisman Sabre”. “These issues are taken into account during the planning and conduct of exercises. “Any questions relating to the movement of PLA vessels in international waters should be directed to the Chinese Government.”
The presence of China warships spying in Australian waters is becoming increasingly regular, says director of a Sydney University-based research centre dedicated to American foreign policy, Ashley Townshend. He told news.com.au it is the “new normal” in the Indo-Pacific region and a sign of the changing strategic order.
“As China’s navy grows more powerful and picks-up the pace of operations far away from the mainland, its warships are becoming an everyday sight right across the region,” the director of foreign policy and defence at United States Studies Centre said.
“Just as US, Australian and Japanese military assets operate in international waters and airspace close to Chinese shores, so too will China be present off our coastline.
“Australian and US defence planners are well aware of this and will have taken steps to make sure that the sensitive aspects of the Talisman Sabre exercises are protected against spying by Chinese surveillance ships. They’ve done this before and, what’s more, there is value in practising under such realistic conditions.”
This is about rules and double standards. China is allowed to perform military surveillance from outside our territorial waters.
— Ashley Townshend (@ashleytownshend) July 7, 2019
Mr Townshend said despite the presence of the Chinese spy warship in Queensland not breaking any international laws, it does present double standards from the superpower. “All nations have the right under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to conduct military surveillance operations in international waters outside a state’s 12 nautical mile territorial sea,” he told new.com.au. “This is what China will be doing next week.
“While the US and Australia — along with most other nations — accept this principle and grant it to China, Beijing does not extend this right to other nations in the South China Sea, where it routinely chases away foreign vessels from self-declared “military alert zones. For international rules to function they must be reciprocated.”
Last month, the secret arrival of three Chinese warships into Sydney Harbour surprised many. The visit was kept so quiet even the NSW Premier Gladys Berejiklian wasn’t aware the naval ships would be docking with more than 700 foreign sailors on board. Prime Minister Scott Morrison’s offhand assurance it was not a surprise and no more than a “reciprocal visit” didn’t do much to quell the questions about why the public was left in the dark.
“It may have been a surprise to others, but it certainly wasn’t a surprise to the Government,” Mr Morrison told reports during his trip to the Solomon Islands capital Honiara. “They were returning after a counter drug trafficking operation in the Middle East.”
The three vessels which saddled up to Garden Island included the frigate Xuchang fitted with surface-to-air and anti-submarine missile systems, the auxiliary replenishment ship Luoma Hu and the landing helicopter dock Kunlun Shan.
Australian Strategic Policy Institute executive director Peter Jennings said the advanced nature of the ships showed just how much of a major player China had become in terms of military force. “It is a clear indication that China is becoming a militarily very powerful country,” Mr Jennings said. “Even 10 years ago it really wouldn’t have had the ability to send this kind of show of force.”
There has been a lot of debate about whether this visit can be interpreted as China flexing its military muscles, and according to Mr Jennings, there isn’t really any other way it can be taken. “It is definitely a show of force. You can’t send three large warships into a foreign port without it being a show of force,” he said.
Officials tried to downplay the visit by pointing out this wasn’t the first time China’s naval forces docked in Australia. However, Mr Jennings said this was the largest force we have seen. “It is true that there are ship visits in both directions, but this is the largest Chinese ship visit we have ever had,” he said.